A large facility for storing and handling petroleum products.
A terminal is usually located adjacent to a petroleum-product pipeline, a refinery, a railroad, or a waterfront ship-berthing area.
A terminal receives bulk deliveries of gasoline and other products from a pipeline, tankers or barges, or directly from a nearby refinery.
The products are stored in large tanks at the terminal. Equipment at the facility is usually capable of further processing the product: injection of additives, for example, or conversion of gasoline vapors received from transports after making deliveries using Stage I vapor recovery back to liquid form.
A terminal should not be confused with a bulk plant. Although both are used for the temporary storage of petroleum products prior to delivery to gasoline stations, C-stores, and commercial accounts, bulk plants are much smaller (50,000-500,000 gallons) than terminals and are not normally equipped with any processing equipment.